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Ionic Equilibria

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Theories of Acids and Bases

  • Classical or Functional Definitions
  • Arrhenius Theory of Acids and Bases
  • Merits and Demerits of Arrhenius Theory
  • Bronstead Lowry Concept
  • The Concept of Conjugate Acid-Base Pair
  • Lewis Theory of Acids and Bases

Ionic Theory

  • Types of electrolytes and Their Characteristics
  • Ionization
  • Dissociation
  • Degree of Dissociation
  • Factor Affecting Dissociation / Ionization
  • The Expression for Dissociation Constant of Weak Acid
  • The Expression for Dissociation Constant of Weak Base
  • The Strength of Acids and Bases

Ostwald’s Dilution Law

  • Dilution Law for Weak Electrolyte
  • The Expression for Dissociation Constant of Weak Acid
  • The Expression for Dissociation Constant of Weak Base

Ionic Product of Water

  • Ion Equilibrium in Water
  • Ionic Product of Water
  • pH and pOH of a solution
  • Relation Between pH and pOH
  • pH or Sorensen’s Scale

Buffer Solution

  • Buffer and its Characteristics
  • Types of Buffer and Their Examples
  • Mechanism of Buffer Action
  • Uses of Buffer Solution
  • Reserve Acidity and Reserve Basicity
  • pH of a Buffer Solution

Common Ion Effect

  • Common Ion Effect Explanation With Examples
  • Applications of Common Ion Effect

Solubility Product

  • Solubility
  • Solubility Product
  • Applications of Solubility Product

 

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