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Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Introduction:

  • Historical Background
  • Objects of the Industrial Disputes Act
  • Case Law: Dimakuchi Tea Estate v. Dimakuchi Tea Estate (1958, AIR SC 353)
  • Case Law: Workmen, Hindustan Lever Limited v. Hindustan Lever Limited (AIR 1999 SC 525)
  • Case Law: Hospital Employees Union v. Christian Medical College ( (1987) 4 S.C.C. 691)

The Concept of Industry

  • Definition of Industry S. 2(j)
  • Case Law: Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board v. R. Rajappa, (AIR 1978 SC 548)
  • Introduction of Triple Test
  • Amendment to Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 in the Definition of Industry in 1982

The Ambit of Definition of “Industry”

  • Government Department (Sovereign Functions)
  • Municipal Corporation
  • Hospitals 
  • Clubs
  • Educational Institution
  • Research Institutions
  • Professions
  • Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  • Government Project
  • Charitable EconomicEnterprises
  • Domestic Servants
  • Standard Institutions