Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

The Concept of Industry

Section 2(J) of the act defines industry as follows: “industry” means any business, trade, undertaking, manufacture or calling of employers and includes any calling, service, employment, handicraft or industrial occupation […]

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Strikes

A strike is a powerful weapon used by trade unions or other associations or workers to put across their demands or grievances by employers or management of industries. Strikes are […]

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Lay-Off

Explanation of the Term Lay-Off: Lay-off is defined in Section 2 (kkk) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. “Lay-off” means the failure, refusal or inability of an employer on account […]

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Introduction

Historical Background: The first enactment dealing with the settlement of industrialdisputes was the Employers’ and Workmen’s Disputes Act, 1860.This Act weighed much against the workers and was thereforereplaced by the […]

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